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I/2019 (Volume VII)

Title of article:
Influence of logistics system optimization on a company value
Authors: Eva Adámiková, Tatiana Čorejová,  Viliam Mojský,  Mykhailo Dobroselskyi

Abstract: The value of a company is influenced by many factors. It depends on how we evaluate the methods we use and what data we have for the calculation. It is also important for what purpose we will calculate the company value. However, the company's management decisions, their strategy and overall direction have a significant impact on the value of the business. In the article we will deal with the impact on the value of a business's optimization of the company's transport network. Also, whether optimization affects more revenue method or equity method.

Title of article: Automation of Handling Systems in the Container Terminals of Maritime Ports
Authors: Andrej Dávid
Abstract:
Customer´s preferences in the choice of a particular device is in many cases due to the attractiveness of this device. This means that customers are willing to travel longer distances to larger business centres with higher attractiveneAutomation of handling systems in the container terminals of maritime ports has become one of the most important changes that happened in maritime transport since the first voyage of a container vessel in 1956. Nowadays, new automated terminals are being built in the world. Most of them are located in Europe, then in North America and the Far East. Automated guided vehicles, automated straddle carriers or automated stacking cranes have replaced handling devices that were manipulated and were controlled by port workers in the container terminals. The basic goal of the paper is to focus on the advantages of this progressive system that is based on the increase of the output of the container terminals, the reduction of downtimes or accidents during handling of containers.

Title of article:
Cost Analysis of Queuing System of Postal Office
Authors: Silvia Ďutková, Dominika Hoštáková, Stanislava Turská, Jana Kurotová, Pawel Droźdiel
Abstract:
The paper displays cost analysis of queuing system of particular post office. The selected Post Office is Zilina 1 Post Office in Slovakia. Post office Zilina 1 provides service to almost 4 000 companies and 13 559 households. [1] This paper considers two types of costs. There are costs of services which are associated with increasing or decreasing system capacity. Additional costs are the costs of rejected customers which are costs associated with deciding cus-tomers to leave the post office. Aim of this article to indicate the methodology of costs allocation of queuing system of post office and display the costs calculation method of rejected customers. Primary research using the question-naire and the simulation method proved to be an appropriate tool in this analysis. The results of this paper show the need to take into account the substitutability of the individual services provided at the post office and the repeated arrival of the rejected customer. In the case that a rejected customer requests a service provided also by other postal operators, the post office can deal with loss of customer..

Title of article:
Establishing the Concept of Universal Functionality in Public Transport
Authors: Elmar Wilhelm M. Fürst, Christian Vogelauer, Peter C. Huber
Abstract:
This article aims at providing a basic understanding of the important, but often neglected field of accessibility in public transport. Accessibility as an inclusive sustainable concept has the goal to enable all people to use the public transport system independently and self-determinedly. The implementation of accessible public transport directly affects different user groups. People who do not have temporary or permanent impairments will also benefit from simpler and more accessible systems. Consequently, the usability and comfort of public transport systems is raised for all persons. Therefore, the paper points out barriers and solutions for different target groups in public transport and discusses solutions for overcoming them. The paper concludes by showing how the consideration of accessibil-ity already in the planning phase of a project can substantially reduce costs and improve the quality of the services, respectively leading also to better economic results.

Title of article:
Modelling of traffic on a selected roundabout in Žilina
Authors: Veronika Harantová, Alica Kalašová, Kristián Čulík, Zuzana Otahálová
Abstract:
A high-quality network is currently a prerequisite for sustainable transport systems. The sharp increase in automo-bile traffic has resulted in increased transport problems. The most serious transport problems include traffic infra-structure congestion, increased accident risk and of course environmental impact. Daily mobility and securing the transport of goods is one of the key transport objectives. The most critical point of the road network is the intersec-tion. Therefore, great emphasis is placed on the vehicle to pass smoothly and safely when passing through this place. In this paper an analysis of the current status of the selected roundabout is created. Based on the survey it is pro-posed three solutions to improve the traffic conditions of the intersection. Aimsun micro-simulation was also used to create solutions.

Title of article:
Frequent Flyer Programs – Overview of Existing Models
Authors: Adam Hoszman, Elżbieta Marciszewska, Paweł Zagrajek
Abstract:
This paper describes three basic models of frequent flyer programs offered by airlines. Based on the definitions of these models an analysis of airline loyalty programs offered by European carriers was performed. The paper contains conclusions regarding the evolution of frequent flyer programs in Europe. The development process was assessed and prospective advances were identified.

Title of article:
Comparison of applications of Smart City concept in the capital cities of V4
Authors: Simona Jaculjaková, Lukáš Trnka, Stanislava Turská, Jana Kurotová, Iwona Rybicka
Abstract:
The article deals with the issue of Smart City concept in the capitals of the V4 countries. We have defined technical terms that are related to the issue. In the analysis of the current situation, we focused on individual areas in which the Smart City concept services are provided. Based on the analysis of the current state, we have concluded. The most frequently used applications in V4 capitals are those belonging to the three areas studied. These areas include transport, ecology and re-al-time services. We compared the individual applications provided to citizens in the capi-tals of the V4 countries. These applications are included in the three mentioned areas of the Smart City concept. Based on a detailed analysis, we defined the advantages and disadvantages of the three most used areas of the Smart City concept.

Title of article:
Selected Issues of the TCO Model for the Conversion of the Conventional Bus Fleet to Electric One
Authors: Krzysztof Krawiec, Grzegorz Karoń, Marcin Jacek Kłos, Łukasz Wierzbicki
Abstract:
National and European transport policy is now moving towards zero-emission transport. One way to achieve public transport policy objectives is to replace conventional buses with electric ones. However, due to the technical char-acteristics of electric buses, this process will be complicated. Tools are therefore required to support this process. The objective of the research project ERANET Electric Mobility Europe project "PLATON - Planning Process and Tool for Step-by-Step Conversion of the Conventional or Mixed Bus Fleet to a 100% Electric Bus Flee” is to support the stakeholders involved in the process of fleet renewal using an IT tool. Proper development of the tool requires the analysis of many aspects related to the process. The article presents selected elements influencing the total cost of ownership (TCO). The focus of the paper is on the technical and organizational aspects related to the replacement of bus fleet. Authors also shows the main aspects of the structure of TCO analysis.

Title of article:
Software for Identifying Secondary Packaging of Medicines
Authors: Viliam Mojský, Eva Adámiková, Mykhailo Dobroselskyi, Simona Jaculjaková, Pavel Staša
Abstract:
The article deals with the creation of software for automatic identification of secondary packaging of medicines. In the first part of the analysis we focused on the possibilities of creating software considering available equipment. The second part followed achieved results. Here we focused on the knowledge and software needed to create our solution. Based on the findings of the analysis, we started working on the software. We have tailored the software solution to fit our needs. It has been customized for the laboratory equipment while meeting our requirements. We have successfully created the software and it will be used in further research activities in the ongoing project.

Title of article:
The Identification Problem of Letterbox Transport Companies in the Slovak Republic
Authors: Miloš Poliak, Jana Tomicová, Patrícia Šimurková, Marek Jaśkiewicz
Abstract:
The letterbox companies are a major concern of many interested parties because they can create unfair competition and potentially undermine legitimate businesses by avoiding costs other than social contributions and taxes. There-fore, to ensure that carriers are equal and eliminate unfair competition, the need to improve the checking of letterbox transport companies is essential. The paper deals with the issue of more effective provision of inspections of letter-box transport companies within the Slovak Republic. Based on the analysis of the current situation in the Slovak Republic and based on the research carried out in relation to the existence of letterbox transport companies, the pa-per deals with the proposals related to their prevention and subsequent determination of the procedure for their checking.

Title of article:
Public Transport on Martinique - Current State and Recent Developments
Authors: Sönke Reise
Abstract:
Despite being part of the European Union, the French West Indies are not often in the focus of research. This paper aims to introduce Martinique and its public transport systems. Starting with an overview over Martinique, the pre-sent transport situation will be analysed with findings as follows: the most important suppliers of public transport services are buses in the capital area and taxi collectives on routes to/from the capital. Individual transport by (rental) car plays a major role, so road congestion is a major issue. Recent developments and innovations that may improve the present situation will be discussed as well.

Title of article:
Toward Management Of Traffic Culture In Macedonia
Authors: Jasmina Bunevska Talevska
Abstract:
The World Health Organization in its agenda on sustainable development 2030 sets a goal to reduce the number of traffic-related accidents by 50%. According to the trend of reducing the number of traffic-related accidents and the latest statistics report by SIA Bitola, this is a very high goal for our city and a great challenge which we could try to reach if we start acting right now by trying to rise and advance the traffic culture; to provide infrastructural facili-ties and elements that are planned and designed according to safety principles that correspond to the projected speed and road function, with access to frontal facilities and protective greenery as well as preserved historical and aes-thetic features; to provide a safe infrastructure for pedestrians, the elderly and persons with disabilities, but primar-ily permanent and visually attractive; to provide a safe and continuous bicycle infrastructure; to introduce traffic calming; to exclude and limit access of freight vehicles for transit and traffic in housing zones; to improve the ser-vices of taxis and public bus transport of passengers, namely to improve everything related to safe traffic and transport in our country. The general objective of this article is presentation of the approach to raising traffic safety and improving the traffic culture in our country through field educational workshops on the example of the city of Bitola, Macedonia.

Title of article:
Towards Interoperability of the Electronic Road Toll Systems in the European Union. Case of Poland
Authors: Elżbieta Załoga, Sylwia Kowalska
Abstract:
The road toll is a significant tool of transport politics due to its economic and social characteristics. Both of those fields search for integrity in activities for a balanced transport. While the road toll is an attempt of the country for internalisation of external transportation costs, the method of collecting the toll is a factor of improvement of public roads. The electronic road toll system (EETS) fulfils those purposes, under the condition of interoperability. The article describes the functionality of the road toll, its meaning for the internalisation of external costs, the interoper-ability of systems which collect road tolls in EU, and the results of incorporation of the electronic road toll systems in Poland. Subject literature, EU law regulations and institutional data were used in the elaboration.

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